DIABETES: DO’s and Don’ts
Blood glucose control and proper nutrition are fundamental for a diabetic. Diet is a real treat, as are physical activity and medications. Food monitoring can prevent significant changes in blood glucose levels and prevent the onset of complications of diabetes (cardiovascular, renal, ophthalmic …). Here are some simple tips to help you adapt your diet to diabetes.
• Do not make a harsh diet.
• Do not skip meals.
• Eat in reasonable quantity.
• Do not remove the bread and various starchy foods. Know the amount of carbohydrate consumed at each meal.
• Do not obsessively record calories consumed.
• Avoid isolated consumption of high-sugar foods.
• Being able to eat everything at the right time in the right quantities.
• Avoid eating cakes when it comes time to taste when a small hollow appears. Avoid sugary drinks, large purveyors of glucose.
• Never eat a piece of sugar except when an exceptional situation requires it (hypoglycaemia).
• Have a varied and balanced diet.
• Take advice from a nutritionist or dietician, with the consent of his diabetologist.
• Respect at each meal the proportion of different categories of essential foods:
40 to 50% of carbohydrates – 15% of proteins – 30 to 45% of lipids.
• Respect the total amounts of carbohydrates allowed.
• Control weight: In Type II diabetic patients, weight loss of any kind improves blood sugar.
• The pace of meals: the splitting of meals is essential to maintain a good balance of blood sugar.
• Make 3 main meals and one or two snacks
• Take meals regularly.
• Eat vegetables and fruits at every meal.
• Eat starchy foods at every meal, lunch and dinner.
• Combine vegetables and starchy foods.
• Avoid high sugar products
• Prefer lean meats.
• Eat fish at least 2 or 3 times a week.
• Consume starchy foods over the day so that the carbohydrate intake meets your body’s needs and your physical activity.
• Vary the foods.
• Consume green vegetables, broccoli, cabbage, spinach …
• Make a real breakfast.
• Drink enough water.
• Prefer full bread with white bread, brown rice and whole pasta.
• Eat legume apples (lentils, beans, chickpeas, split peas).
• Drink at least one litre of water a day. Increase your consumption in case of hot weather or during sports activity. Coffee, herbal tea and tea can be consumed but without sugar or with a sweetener.
• Avoid sodas, even light.
• Eat carbohydrates at each meal (bread, starchy foods, fruits …). Carbohydrates that act directly on blood glucose are recommended. They must be consumed in very reasonable quantities during each meal.
• It is possible to consume sweets, in limited quantities and at the end of a meal.